198205, г. Санкт-Петербург,
Таллинское шоссе, д. 198, корп.2, этаж 2, офис 205
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10 Testing

10.1 Tubes to be supplied without inspection document (quality grade A)

As part of internal control, the manufacturer shall submit tubes to:

  • a) a dimensional check;
  • b) a surface inspection;
  • c) a tensile test, as specified in DIN EN 10002 Part 1;
  • d) a flattening test, as specified in DIN EN 10 233;
  • e) a drift expanding test, as specified in DIN EN 10 234.

Flattening and drift expanding tests shall only be carried out on annealed or normalized tubes made of the steel grades listed in table 2 if testing does not adversely affect the tube diameter and wall thickness. Subject to agreement, a type 2.2 inspection document in compliance with DIN 50 049 shall be issued. Additional tests shall be subject to agreement. They are relevant for quality grade С steels.

10.2 Tubes to be supplied with inspection document (quality grade C)

Should a DIN 50 049 inspection certificate be required for quality grade С steel tubes, this shall be agreed upon at the time of ordering. The order shall state the type of document requested and the name of the testing agency if the inspection is carried out by a third party.
Tubes shall be tested at the manufacturer's works. Production shall not be unduly disturbed if Inspection is carried out by experts who are not employed by the manufacturer.

10.2.1 Scope of testing

Tubes shall be tested by batches. For details, see table 8. For the purpose of testing, tubes shall be divided according to steel grade, final supply condition and size, into batches each comprising 200 units. Remainders of up to 20 units may be distributed uniformly across the other batches, remainders ranging from 20 to 200 units and consignments of less than 200 units being considered a whole batch. 10.2.2 Procedure All tests shall be carried out at ambient temperature.

10.2.2.1 Tensile test

The tensile test shall be carried out as specified in DIN EN 10 002 Part 1.

10.2.2.2 Flattening test

The flattening test shall be carried out, as specified in DIN EN 10 233, on annealed and normalized tubes, the wall thickness of which is less than 15 % of the outside diameter. The test pieces or tube ends shall be flattened until a specified distance between platens, H, is reached. This distance, in mm, is to be calculated on the basis of the following equation:

where Т is the wall thickness, in mm; D is the outside diameter of the tube, in mm; с is a constant, which is 0,09 for steel grades St 34 and St 37, and 0,07 for steel grades St 44 and St 52. After testing, the samples shall be inspected for cracks.

10.2.2.3 Drift expanding test

Annealed and normalized tubes shall be submitted to the drift expanding test as described in DIN EN 10 234 until the maximurr expansion specified in table 7 is reached. After testing, the samples shall be inspected for cracks.

Table 7: Percentage expansion

Steel grade
Final supply condition
Percentage expansion for a wall thickness, in mm,
up to 4
above 4
RSt 34-2
RSt 37-2
St 44-2
St 52-3
Normalized or annealed
20
18
15
15
15
12
10
10

10.2.2.4 Measurement of surface roughness

The surface roughness shall be measured axially outside the weld zone by using electric stylus instruments as specified in DIN 4768. 10.2.2.5 Dimensional check The tube dimensions Shalt be measured with suitable techniques. The type and scope of the dimensional checking of tubes of exact length shall be subject to agreement.

10.2.2.6 Surface inspection

The appearance of the outer and, if possible, inner tube surface shall be examined visually under appropriate lighting conditions by an inspector having normal vision. If so agreed, another method of checking the appearance may be used. The type and scope of surface inspection of tubes of exact length shall be subject to agreement.

10.2.2.7 Leak tightness test

The tubes shall be tested for leak tightness by using appropriate non-destructive test methods (e.g. eddy current testing in accordance with Stahl-Eisen-Prilfblatt (Iron and steel testing specifications) 1925).

10.2.2.8 Non-destructive testing

If freedom from imperfections is of particular significance, ultrasonic testing as specified in Stahl-Eisen-Priifblatt 1917, should be carried out. If necessary, this test may be carried out along the weld.

10.2.3 Retests

10.2.3.1 Tubes not satisfying the requirements when tested as specified in subclauses 10.2.2.1 to 10.2.2.3 shall be rejected. Two further tubes shall be taken from the batch concerned in place of the rejected sample tube and submitted for testing. If one of these two tubes does not fulfill the requirements, the entire batch shall be considered not to comply with the standard. 10.2.3.2 If the defects or deficiencies established can be made good by means of heat treatment or other suitable measures, the supplier shall be given the opportunity to present a batch which was rejected for renewed acceptance inspection, if the test pieces still fail to satisfy the requirements, the entire batch shall be considered not to comply with the standard.

10.3 Inspection documents

The inspection documents to be issued shall comply with DIN 50 049.

Table 8: Scope of testing

Type of test or inspection
Scope of testing1)
Responsible for testing
No.
Cf. subclause
1 Tensile test
10.2.2.1
One test piece, taken from one sample tube per batch. Subject to agreement.
2 Flattening test
10.2.2.2
One test piece, taken from one sample tube per batch. Subject to agreement.
3 Drift expanding test
10.2.2.3
One test piece, taken from one sample tube per batch. Subject to agreement.
4 Measurement of surface roughness
10.2.2.4
If agreed upon, one test piece taken from one sample tube specified under item No. 1. Manufacturer
5 Dimensional check
10.2.2.5
All tubes. Subject to agreement.
6 Surface inspection
10.2.2.6
All tubes. Subject to agreement.
7 Leak tightness test
10.2.2.7
If agreed, all tubes. Manufacturer
8 Non-destructive test
10.2.2.8
If agreed, all tubes. Manufacturer
1) Applies to random lengths and multiples of cut and exact lengths.

11 Quality grade С

Table 9: Special requirements (examples)

Line
Special requirement
Features and/or technical delivery conditions
1
Steel grades other than specified in table 1. As specified in DIN 1614 Parts 1 and 2, DIN 1623 Parts 2 and 3, or DIN 1624.
2
Tubes for pipelines. As specified in DIN 1626, DIN 1628, or DIN 8964 Parts 1 and 2.
3
Other geometry and surface. Tubes with an outside diameter smaller than 4 mm and greater than 159 mm, with a non-circular cross section, subject to other tolerances than those specified in DIN 2394 Part 1, other tolerance positions or special requirements regarding the surface conditions straightness and squareness of pipe ends.
4
Final supply condition other than specified in table 4. Tempered
5
Other mechanical properties. Deviations regarding the mechanical properties specified in table 5.

12 Marking

A durable tag, containing the following information, shall be securely attached to each bundle:

  • a) the manufacturer's mark;
  • b) the relevant standard (technical delivery condition) and quality grade;
  • c) steel grade, in compliance with table 1;
  • d) the final supply condition, in accordance with table 4;
  • e) the dimensions;
  • f) the inspector's mark, where tubes are supplied with an inspection document.

Further markings shall be the subject of agreement.

13 Bundling

The type of bundling shall be subject to agreement.

14 Complaints

Warranty claims may only be raised if they are based on the technical delivery conditions of this standard, or on any further agreement reached.
The purchaser shall give the supplier the opportunity of judging whether the complaint is justified, by submitting the tube objected to and samples of the other tubes supplied.

Standards and documents referred to

DIN 1614 Part 1 — Hot roiled mild unalloyed steel sheet and strip for cold reducing; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1614 Part 2 — Hot rolled mild unalloyed steel sheet and strip for cold forming; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1623 Part 2 — Cold reduced mild unalloyed steel sheet and strip for cold forming; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1623 Part 3 — Cold reduced mild unalloyed steel sheet and strip for vitreous enamelling; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1624 — Cold reduced mild unalloyed steel strip in widths not exceeding 650 mm; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1626 — Welded, circular, unaLgyed steel tubes subject to special requirements; technical delivery conditions

DIN 1628 — High performance welded, circular, unalloyed steel tubes; technical delivery conditions

DIN 2394 Part 1 — Welded and sized precision steel tubes; dimensions

DIN 4768 — Determination of surface roughness parameters Ra, Ra, and Rmax, using electric stylus instruments; concepts and measuring conditions

DIN 8528 Part 1 — Weldability of metallic materials; concepts

DIN 8964 Part 1 — Elements of hermetic and semi-hermetic refrigeration systems; testing

DIN 8964 Part 2 — Elements of hermetic and semi-hermetic refrigeration systems; requirements

DIN 17 120 — Welded circular steel tubes for structural steelwork; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 123 — Welded circular fine grain steel tubes for structural steelwork; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 172 — Steel pipes for conveying combustible liquids and gases; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 174 — Welded circular tubes made from steels with low temperature toughness; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 177 — Electric pressure-welded steel tubes with elevated temperature properties; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 178 — Welded circular fine grain steel tubes subject to special requirements; technical delivery conditions

DIN 17 457 — Welded circular austenitic stainless steel tubes subject to special requirements; technical delivery conditions

DIN 50 049 — Inspection documents for the delivery of metallic products

DIN 17 178 — Tensile testing of metallic materials; method of test at ambient temperature (including Amendment AC 1:1990)

DIN EN 10027 Part 1 — Designation systems for steels; steel names and principal symbols

DIN EN 10 027 Part 2 — Designation systems for steel; numerical system

DIN EN 10 233 — Metallic materials; tube; flattening test

DIN EN 10 234 Metallic materials; tube; drift expanding test

Stahl-Eisen-Priifblatt 1917*) — Zerstdrungsfreie Prutung elektrisch preBgeschweiBter Rohre aus terrltischen Stan/en (Non-destruc-tive testing of pressure welded ferritic steel pipes)

Stahl-Eisen-Prtlfblatt 1925*) — Elektromagnetische Priltung von Rohren гит Nachwels der Dichthett (Eddy current testing of tubes for leak tightness)

*) Obtainable from Vertag Stahleisen mbH, Postfach 10 51 64, D-40042 Dlisseldorf.

Other relevant standard

DIN EN 10 021 — General technical delivery conditions for steel and iron products

Previous editions

DIN 2394: 1938-07,1942-10, 1957-07;
DIN 2394-2 :1981-08.

Amendments

In comparison with the August 1981 edition, this standard has been revised in form and substance and the following amendments have been made:

  • a) Quality grade В has been dropped and grades A and С redefined.
  • b) The outside diameter, the inside diameter and the wall thickness have been referred to as D, D\, and T, respectively, and the order details changed accordingly.
  • c) The use of SM steel and unkilled casted steel is no longer specified for precision steel tubes.
  • d) Grade С tubes may be made from other steels if these are suitable (cf. table 1).
  • e) In table 2, the maximum permissible P and S contents were brought into line with the state of the art and the addition of further alloying elements has been specified. Steel grades RSt 34-2, RSt 37-2 and St 44-2 may be killed by aluminium only.
  • f) A table covering permitted deviations of the product analysis from the specified ladle analysis has been included (cf. table 3).
  • g) The final supply conditions have partly been amended.
  • h) The specifications for surface appearance have been completely revised.
  • i) With reg'ard to deviations from straightness, a distinction has been made between localized deviations and deviation running along the entire tube length.
  • k) The requirements for tube ends have been amended.
  • l) Specifications regarding divergence between the quantity ordered and the actual consignment apply to orders for exact lengths only.
  • m) Leak tightness tests are no longer specified for quality grade A tubes. If delivery conditions require leak tightness, tubes shall be supplied in quality grade C.
  • n) A table covering the scope of testing has been included (cf. table 8).
  • o) The requirements regarding the performance of test pipes submitted to flattening and drift expanding tests have been amended.
  • p) The procedures regarding the measurement of surface roughness, dimensional checks and surface inspections, as well as leak tightness tests and non-destructive testing have been altered.

International Patent Classification

В 21 С 037/06
F 16 L 009/02
G 01 В 021/30
G 01 N 033/20

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